E-Security Tips for Internet Users
Incidents of hacking of e-mails and websites have come to out notice. Reportedly, hackers sitting from a distance are able to penetrate into security system of computer used by individuals. In most of the cases hackers take advantage of our basic ignorance about E-security measures required to be followed/adopted.
Following are the E-Security tips which every individual should keep in mind while using internet for sending E-mails etc:-
- Use strong pass words preferably Alpha- numeric one that are difficult or impossible to guess.
- Give different pass words to all other account.
- Use virus protection software. That means three things having it on your computer in the first place, checking daily for new virus signature updates, and then actually scanning all the files on your computer periodically.
- Do not open e-mail attachments from strangers, regardless of how enticing the subject line or attachment may be.
- Use a Firewall as a gate keeper between your computer and the internet. Firewalls are usually software precuts.
- Make a regular back-up of critical data.
- Do not give your passwords to any body. Somebody who is malicious scan cause great harm to you and your reputation.
- Do not install any programme you are unsured.
- Visit bank website by typing by the URL into the address bar.
- Never reply to e-mails asking for your password or PIN.
- Verify the domain name displayed to avoid spoof websites before using internet banking.
- Never use unprotected PCs at Cyber Cages for internet banking.
- Log-Off and Close your browser when you have finished internet banking/internet browsing.
- E-Mail users are advised to open their e-mail accounts in secured India/local sites preferably.
- Internet users are advised to contact Criminal Investigation Department (CID), Tripura for any assistance to detect Cyber Crimes. In this regard suggestions from internet users, cyber forensic experts are most welcome to fight out this rising menace. State CID may be contacted at the following Telephone Numbers: (91381) 237-6979 and (91381) 237-5604.
Securing your Windows Computer for free, 7 Steps you can take now
- Always require a password to logon to Windows. This can be changed in the Control Panel under USERS.
- Always install anti-virus software. We now recommend Free AVG from fee.grisoft.com by clicking on Get AVG Free. In earlier years we recommended Symantec Norton Anti-Virus from www.symantec.com. Their website offers an on-line scan to identify most new viruses at www.securityresponse.symantec.com . It also offers many removal tools.
- Do not install any program you are unsure of. Do not click OK on any window you did not ask for. Internet sites will offer all kinds of free gimmicks that spy on you or worse. Examples are file/music sharing, weather bug, shopping assistants, gator, time or date managers, almost any search tool, etc. Instant Messengers should only be used for discussion, not file transfers. Set your firewall to block them. On the other hand, the Google Toolbar from www.google.com and set it to not send any information. It provides a handy search tool and a decent POP-UP blocker.
- Install anti-spyware software. We install spybot, ad-aware, and other tools just for scanning or removal: Adaware is free from www.Lavasoft.de or www.tucows.com , www.safer-networking.org has links to download Spybot Search and Destroy with tea-timer, a utility that asks your permission every time something tries to alter operating systems.
- Keep all of your security software updated. Most viruses get in your computer when you haven’t paid for your subscription to the latest virus definitions or kept your software updated (or used it in the case of manually run tools). Run regular anti-skpyware scans, at least using updated spybot Search and Destroy.
- Use www.windosupdate.com to keep your Operating System patched and up to date. Microsoft has Security information at www.microsoft.com/windows/security/.
- Even better, install a hardware firewall. Routers, e.g. www.D-Link.com, assign a different address than the address shown to the Internet, to all computers behind them. DSL and Cable modems include routers.
E-Security Tips (Internet/Mobile)
- Don’t delete harmful communications (emails, chat, logs, posts etc). These may help provide vital information about the identify of the person behind these.
- Try not to panic.
- If you feel any immediate physical danger of bodily harm, call your local police.
- Avoid getting into huge arguments online during chat or discussions with other users.
- Remember that all other internet users are strangers. You do not know who you are chatting with. So be careful and polite.
- Be extremely careful about how you share personal information about yourself online.
- choose your chatting nickname carefully so as not to offend others.
- do not share personal information in public spaces anywhere online, do not give it to strangers, including in e-mail or chat rooms. Do not use your real name or nick name as your screen name or user ID. Pick a name that is gender and age neutral. And do not post personal information as part of any user profile.
- Be extremely cautious about meeting online acquaintances in person, If you choose to meet, do so in a public place and take along a friend.
- Make sure that your ISP and Internet Relay Chart (IRC) network have an acceptable use policy that prohibits cyber-stalking. And if your network fails to respond to your complaints, consider switching to a provider that is more responsive to user complaints.
- If a situation online becomes hostile, log off or surf elsewhere. If a situation places you in fear, contact a local law enforcement agency.
- Save all communications for evidence. Do not edit or alter them in any way. Also, keep a record of your contacts with Internet System Administrators or Law Enforcement Officials.
Suggestions for better security
- Use strong passwords. Choose passwords that are difficult or impossible to guess. Give different passwords to all other accounts.
- Make regular back-up of critical data. Back-up must be made atleast once in each day. Larger organizations should perform a full back-up weekly and incremental back-up every day. Atleast once in a month the back-up media should be verified.
- Use virus protection software. That means three things: having it on your computer in the first place, checking daily for new virus signature updates, and then actually scanning all the files on your computer periodically.
- Use a firewall as a gatekeeper between your computer and the internet. Firewalls are usually software products. They are essential for those who keep their computers online through the popular DSL and cable modem connections but they are also valuable for those who still dial in.
- Do not keep computers online when not in use. Either shut them off or physically disconnect them from Internet connection.
- Do not open e-mail attachments from strangers, regardless of how enticing the subject line or attachment may be. Be suspicious of any unexpected e-mail attachment from someone you do your reputation. It is like leaving your house open for a stranger and walking away.
- When talking to somebody new on the net, do not give away personal information-like numbers of the credit card used by your parents, your home address/phone numbers and such other personal information.
Suggestions for better security
- If you feel uncomfortable or threatened when somebody on the net feeds you an improper or indecent message inform your parents or elders.
- Do not break into somebody else’s computer and worse still change things; you are probably destroying a lifetime of hard work by somebody. You may be intelligent but use your intelligence for better things. Somebody else can be as ruthless and as intelligent to break into your system and destroy your creations as well.
- Do not copy a program that is copyrighted on the net. It is illegal. You are actually stealing somebody else’s hard work. There is a lot of illegally available material on the net. Do not use it yourself.
- Hacking is an offence under section 66 of the IT Act. Hacking attracts serious penalties which include a jail term of 3 years, a fine of Rs. 2 Lakh or both.
Internet Safety for Kids & Students
- Internet safety for kids:
There are some very important things that you need to keep in mind when you’re on your computer at home or at school.
- First, remember never to give out personal information such as your name, home address, school name, or telephone number in a chat room or on bulletin boards. Also, never send a picture of yourself to someone you chat with on the computer without your parent’s permission.
- Never write to someone who has made you feel uncomfortable or scared.
- Do not meet someone or have them visit you without the permission of your parents.
- Tell your parents right away if you read anything on the Internet that makes you feel uncomfortable.
- Remember that people online may not be who they say they are. Someone who says that “she” is a “12 year old girl” could really be an older man.
Internet guidelines for students:
We give below a few tips for net usage by students.
- The Internet is the global storehouse for information. It is like having the biggest library in the world at your fingertip.Use the net to increase your knowledge, to do class work better
- Visit interesting places sitting at your computer- visit the Taj or the Smithsonian Institution or the Louvre in Paris-all without stirring from your chair.
The net is a global community- without any barriers, distances, boundaries.
- Be careful about talking to “strangers” on a computer network.
- Respect privacy on the net. You may have known the password of some other user-your friend/schoolmate. But do not use it to read their mail or send mail from their ID. Remember somebody else can also do this to you.
- Use the net to find information about school and colleges- events or courses they may be offering. Many of them offer you a virtual guided tour of their facilities. Take advantage of this. This will help you take a decision when planning your future.
- Be careful about what you download from the net. Use a virus scan before the download as many programs may contain virus-this has the potential to destroy your system.
- Do not give your password to anybody. Somebody who is malicious can cause great harm to you and know because it may have been sent without that person’s knowledge from an infected machine.
- Regularly download security patches from your software vendors.
Safety tips for Mobile Phone Users.
- Use your phone’s security lock code, if it has one.
- Disable Bluetooth, if not in use.
- Always use a mobile hanging ribbon/thread/strip for safety.
- Install Anti-virus Software.
- Record details of your electronic serial number (ESN) of your CDMA phone.
- Consider separate Insurance.
- GSM Phones have a unique IMEI number. Key in *#06# to find yours, record it, and keep it safe.
- Properly mark your phone with your postcode and House No. to help police identify stolen ones.
- Enable the PIN Code on the handset.
- Only unlock the phone when you need to use it.
- Never buy a phone unless you know the seller is the owner, can they produce the original packaging or a receipt?
- Don’t give your mobile phone to strangers on the pretext of emergency situation. They may slip away with your mobile handset
- Report a lost or stolen phone to the police immediately and insist for an acknowledgment.
- Inform your Service Provider if your phone is stolen or lost.
- Keep your phone out of sight in your pocket or handbag when not in use. Don’t attract attention to your phone when your are carrying or using it in the street.
- Don’t leave your mobile unattended.
Safety tips for Mobile Phone Users.
- Keep windows/doors of your car closed, when you are talking on mobile phone. Do not use mobile phone while driving.
- While driving, never keep your cellphone on the dashboard.
- Subscribe to a Mobile Tracking Service available in the Mobile Market (If it is supported on your handset).
- Extra vigilance can produce results. You are less likely to become a victim if you are aware of your surrounding.
- Warning: Forwarding any content, which is Pornographic in nature is a Punishable Office.