State Government's Perception On Solution
The State Government has been treating the problem of insurgency as a complex problem & not only as a law and order or security matter. The approach for solution has been to address the problems of insurgency and extremism in a holistic manner. The State Government has been considering and would be ready to consider any political demand within the democratic framework of the Constitution of India in the overall interest of the State as a whole.
Restoration of alienated tribal lands is being undertaken and provisions relating to these have been made stricter. The cut-off date of 25th March, 1971 for identification and pushback of foreigners is also being enforced. There is a commitment to shift out the Legislative Assembly Complex from Ujjayanta Palace (the official residential palace of the ex-kings of Tripura) as well. The State Government has taken up broadcasting programming in local languages on Radio & TV and the opening of a channel of All India Radio in Kokborak, the main tribal language in the State. Kokborok is also taught as a language in the tribal areas at the school level. While the State Government has been ready to accommodate the legitimate demands of the extremists, it stands firmly opposed to the goals of independence as declared by NLFT or violence as the means to achieve their demands. Thus, the reasonable demands are being taken up for redress in many cases even before these are voiced by extremists.
The State Government has given top priorities for supply of drinking water, public housing and connectivity of village roads. It has also identified deficiencies and resource requirements for universal coverage on other basic minimum services such as nutrition, public distribution system, Primary health and Primary education and new infrastructure such as transport , electricity, Radio and TV, post primary education, agriculture and allied sectors, administrative and cultural infrastructure including tourism etc. In addition, different policies have been taken and are under consideration to create more economic and employment opportunities for the tribal youth. These are in the form of opening of international border for trade and transit, permitting forest based development through viable schemes of small scale rubber and tea plantations and support for gas based industries in the state and expeditious implementation of the Prime Minister’s development package for the North-East.
These options to enable the living standards of the tribal population to be boosted are to go hand in hand with the need to marginalize the extremist elements. This is being attempted through steps targetted at bringing them back to the mainstream of democratic policy.
State Government had appealed several times to the misguided elements to give up the path of violence and join the mainstream so that the State and its people could proceed with nation building activities and take up programs for economic development in an atmosphere of peace and tranquility through democratic process. In response to the calls, several listed extremists submitted offers of unconditional or conditional surrender. From April 1993 to July 2001 members of various extremist groups numbering 5,753 surrendered and they were provided with benefits in accordance with the Government policies. The State Government is keen to keep the doors open for those misguided youths ready to renounce the path of violence and rejoin the mainstream. The State Government is ready to provide such youths with all benefits available as per the scheme of the Government of India for Surrender- Cum-Rehabilitation of militants in the North-East.